The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) is one of the biggest and the most authoritative encyclopedia of philosophy. Each of its entry is a full-scale introduction dedicated to a problem, a notion or a philosopher written by an expert or group of experts in the field in an accessible way maintaining the highest academic standards. The entries available online and are kept up-to-date reflecting actual progress in philosophical thought.

The Moscow Center for Consciousness Studies inviting specialists from Lomonosov Moscow State University and Saint Petersburg State University is working on the translation of the SEP entries on the most fundamental and exciting questions in the contemporary philosophy. The translations are published with a permission of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

This project was made possible through the support of a grant from the John Templeton Foundation. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the John Templeton Foundation.
We are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their contribution to this project.